Smoking has been one of the most committed vices of many people, and although there have been public campaigns about its adverse effects, people are still into smoking.
The leaves of tobacco are dried up and then smoked in the form of hookah, pipe, cigarette, cigar, etc. In the case of cigarettes, tobacco is combined with nicotine and aerosol particles. These aerosols are heated together with nicotine and inhaled into the lungs. While in the lungs, these damaging components are absorbed into the bloodstream.
Nicotine is related to lung damage, congenital disabilities, cardiovascular problems, etc. Nicotine is the principal substance of cigarette smoke which is also an addictive substance.
When nicotine goes to the blood from the lungs, it heightens the blood pressure, reduces oxygen supply and constricts the arteries. Although nicotine does not directly cause the lung cancer, however, it protects and improves the growth of cancer cells in the lungs.
Nicotine lung toxicity disables the antioxidant state of the body. This is caused by the increased lipid peroxidation and the decrease in antioxidant enzymes. Lipid peroxidation is a process that is natural in the body, however, when it is uncontrolled, it can cause damages and diseases.
It is the destruction of these essential fats in the cell membrane by the reactive oxygen species that leads to tissue damage and eventually, cell death. The study shows that the curcumin found in turmeric and its related compound can reduce the lipid peroxidation and increase the level of the antioxidant enzymes while also rejuvenating the minerals to its normal levels.